DDSIM is academic software. Thus, many of its built-in algorithms have been published as scientific papers.

If you use DDSIM in your work, we would appreciate if you cited the respective papers. A full list of related papers is given below.


Alwin Zulehner and Robert Wille. Advanced simulation of quantum computations. Transactions on CAD of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 38(5):848–859, 2019. [PDF], doi:10.1109/TCAD.2018.2834427.


Alwin Zulehner, Stefan Hillmich, and Robert Wille. How to efficiently handle complex values? implementing decision diagrams for quantum computing. In David Z. Pan, editor, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2019, Westminster, CO, USA, November 4-7, 2019, 1–7. ACM, 2019. [PDF], doi:10.1109/ICCAD45719.2019.8942057.


Stefan Hillmich, Igor L. Markov, and Robert Wille. Just like the real thing: Fast weak simulation of quantum computation. In Design Automation Conference. IEEE, 2020. [PDF].


Stefan Hillmich, Alwin Zulehner, Richard Kueng, Igor L. Markov, and Robert Wille. Approximating decision diagrams for quantum circuit simulation. ACM Transactions on Quantum Computing, jul 2022. doi:10.1145/3530776.


Stefan Hillmich, Richard Kueng, Igor L. Markov, and Robert Wille. As accurate as needed, as efficient as possible: Approximations in DD-based quantum circuit simulation. In Design, Automation and Test in Europe. 2021. [PDF].


T. Grurl, J. Fuß, and R. Wille. Noise-aware Quantum Circuit Simulation With Decision Diagrams. Transactions on CAD of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 2022. [PDF].


Lukas Burgholzer, Alexander Ploier, and Robert Wille. Simulation paths for quantum circuit simulation with decision diagrams. IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 2022. [PDF], doi:10.1109/TCAD.2022.3197969.


Lukas Burgholzer, Hartwig Bauer, and Robert Wille. Hybrid Schrödinger-Feynman simulation of quantum circuits with decision diagrams. In Hausi A. Müller, Greg Byrd, Candace Culhane, and Travis Humble, editors, International Conference on Quantum Computing and Engineering, 199–206. IEEE, 2021. [PDF], doi:10.1109/QCE52317.2021.00037.